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Salve Håkedal

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About Salve Håkedal

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    Violin family - baroque and modern
    Viola d'amore
    Hardanger fiddle
    Repair and restoration.

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  1. Unfortunately this family tradition was broken, so we don't know his method in detail. But you are probably right. I like your test, Jacob!
  2. Here is the corner of a hardangerfiddle made by a 4th generation hardangerfiddle maker, Knut K. Stenkjøndalen in 1945.
  3. It's debated. Me thinks there were folksy fiddles in norway for a long time like in rest of Europe. The experimetation with sympathetic strings around 1700 that led to i.e. the viola d'amore and the baryton, also led to the hardangerfiddle (with maybe Isak Botnen as the first maker). It spread from the west coast eastward during the 1700-hundreds. It's still spreading. Contrary to the viola d'amore and the baryton that more or less died out, the hardangerfiddle was manageable and created a strong folkfiddling tradition. The playing style connected with it slowly became distinct from norwegian folk music played on the violin. Here's a hardcore young man: Kjellbjørn Karsrud, Springar etter Jøger Sagahaugen and something experimental: Anne Hytta: Draumsyn (Dream vision) and something well recorded: Annbjørg Lien: Kjempe-Jo Kjempe-Jo (Big-Joe) was a brawler. And he was my great-great-grandfather. So beware!
  4. More about that here: Comparing maple and alder
  5. I don't have much of a plan for that work except that when I drill the (pilot)holes for the pegs while the wood is still a block, I also drill a hole at the mouth behind the rearmost teeth. Later, with a hand drill, I drill 3 small small holes into the front of the mouth where the tongue will come. Apart from this, I just carve away the best I can. I don't go to this work with a smile: it's rather difficult. A professionel sculptor would probably have more of a plan for it.
  6. no jezz. I'm sorry I'm shaky enough with no camera on me. It's common to size the wood with thin glue. That makes the ink sit well. But it can't be removed in case of errors. I draw on the first clear varnish coat. In case of error, it can just be wiped of with a moist towel.
  7. I put some in the gallery section.
  8. Hardangerfiddles are rather lavishly decorated instruments. I try to cut down a little on it without loosing style. This one has alder (alnus glutinosa) back and ribs which is often used instead of maple for hardangers. It was made in tandem with one with maple to test the properties of the wood species.
  9. Jim, there is an outside arch and an inside arch. Making one of them identical would in my opinion be wrong. So I made the one with svartor higher on the outside to have the inside of it not so different from the maple backs inside. The dancers interpretation is in accordance with my own impression. But I hesitate to put more prosaic words on it.
  10. Maybe of interest to some.. Alnus glutinosa (norwegian: svartor) is often used for hardangerfiddles as an alternative to maple. I made 2 fiddles as identical as possible but one with rather heavy maple (SG 68g/dl) and the other one with svartor (SG 48g/dl). The tops were made from 2 pieces from the same trunk. The 2 spruce blanks were split in two and one half from each glued to one half from the other. The 2 tables were made to the same plate tone at the same weight. Medium arching height. The shape of the archings is definitely flatish towards upper and lower ribs. I always shape the fluting and edges after assembly, so exact weight (and platetones) are not measured. But before assembly: Maple back: 123g M5: 340Hz Alnus back: 103g M5: 355Hz I shaped the Alnus' arching 1.1mm higher because I knew it would end up much thicker than the maple in the center. (Final center thicknesses: M: 4.5, A: 6.0). The sound of the 2 fiddles is different. But the difference is difficult to describe. Which is "better" differs between players when I ask'em. I hope I will have a chance to record both fiddles played by a good player before sending them away. One dancer (hardangerfiddle music is dance music) described poetically the maple one as having a more solid floor to dance on with glitter up above..! My measuring method is rather amateurish. At least the high frequency amplitudes can not be trusted. But I believe that the difference in the resonance peak frequencies are reliable.
  11. Thank you, Jacob! For a great posting!
  12. You don't need to succumb to snobbery, Don!
  13. I don't know about 1.3. But I've used 1.5 on violin baroque type tailpiece with a square knot. (That's the tailpiece with two holes trough the thickness of the tailpiece and a knot joining the two ends of the gut between the plug and the saddle. 2mm is in my opinion way too thick and cumbersome to tie for that type of tailpiece.) For the modern tailpiece I think the issue is the preparation of the ends, not that the gut thickness can't take the strain. But thicker gut allows a bigger "mushroom" at the ends, distributing the strain more than on a thinner gut. I can't remember ever having seen the gut snap anywhere between the plug and the ends.
  14. Maybe an equally important characteristic of spruce is the large difference in stiffness along and across the grain. We don't have crossbars in fiddles but the bass bar along the grain. And the ffs are longer than they are wide.
  15. Hmm.. I don't know. Those fiction books may trick you.